The genius artiste is credited with creating many ragas, often combining the Carnatic and Hindustani classical formats. Here’s a guide through the meanings and moods of a few of these ragas.
Tilak Shyam: This exuberant raga is a mixture of Tilak Kamod and Shyam Kalyan. With sweetness in its tone, the raga is supposed to be played during the night time, according to Shankar’s seniormost disciple, Pandit Karthik Kumar.
Nat Bhairav: A transformed version of the Bhairav raga, Nat Bhairav is a morning raga, sung and played in reverence of Lord Shiva.
Ahir Lalit: A combination of Ahir Bhairav and Lalit raga, this is a soothing morning raga, says Kumar.
Gangeshwari Raga: The raga is spiritual in nature and dedicated to Goddess Durga. It was composed spontaneously during a concert in Allahabad while the maestro regaled the audience at the ghats.
Mohan Kauns: Shankar, who was depressed after the death of Mahatma Gandhi, composed raga Mohan Kauns, more or less influenced by raga Chandra Kauns.
Rasiya: A 'dhuni' raga that is not played traditionally as alaap, jod and jhaala, but progresses according to the melody.
Gunji Kanhara: A raga played in the royal courts lasya nadimpally.