Afzal Guru hanged, buried in Tihar
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Afzal's fate was sealed in August 2011, when the Home Ministry recommended to then President Pratibha Patil that the mercy petition be rejected. Patil, however, did not take a decision. After Shinde became Home Minister last year, new President Pranab Mukherjee sent the file back to the Home Ministry for reconsideration in December 2012.
After re-examining the mercy petition, the Home Ministry once again recommended death penalty for Afzal and sent the file to the President's Secretariat on January 23. The Home Ministry concluded that there was "not an iota of doubt regarding Guru's involvement in the 2001 attack. His role in providing logistics and conducting recce was established beyond doubt".
Mukherjee is learnt to have held elaborate discussion with his legal advisers and finally took a decision on February 3. Once the nod was received from Rashtrapati Bhawan, there was no delay. On February 4, the Home Ministry informed the Chief Secretary of Delhi, Deepak Mohan Spolia, and DG Prisons, Vimla Mehra, to prepare for the execution of Afzal.