Gurgaon per capita income 10 times that of Mahendragarh
The per capita income of Gurgaon has been growing at the rate of 21 per cent against a dismal six per cent in Haryana's most backward district, Mahendragarh. The regional inequality can lead to serious complications and cause further social disharmony, experts at the national seminar on state finances held at the Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID) observed Friday.
Presenting his paper on 'Haryana's fiscal management: A case of missed opportunities', Prof NK Bishnoi from Guru Jambeshwar University, Hisar, said the regional disparity is likely to widen in era of economic liberalisation as state withdraws its authority and attention from location of industry and trade. "The per capita income of Haryana has crossed the psychological barrier of Rs 1 lakh in 2010-11, mostly owing to its rich districts. In the year 1999-2000 the ratio of per capita income between richest and poorest districts of Haryana was 3.5 per cent. It has jumped to 10 in 2008-09. The gap is widening in districts in heartland of the state," he said.
He said this, in turn, has increased demand for both physical infrastructure — sewerage, roads and water supply — and social infrastructure such as hospitals, schools and colleges, but of turbocharged Haryana fares dismally in social indicators. Haryana ranks 15th in poverty and 22nd in female literacy. Its sex ratio of 877 per 1000 males puts it at the bottom of the pile at 32nd rank while infant mortality rate is still high at 48 per 1000 infants born ranks it at 28 among states.
"It is necessary to see that why Haryana has not been able to create another Gurgaon, the credit for which goes to its proximity to the national capital. The strategic links are missing and the state needs to match its economic prowess with human development index, on which it fares poorly," Prof VN Attri said. Prof Surinder Kumar delved on priorities of Haryana vis-a-vis socio-economic welfare. He suggested that generated resources should be utilised for improvement of social sector with respect to quality of education, health services etc. to enhance the well being of the society.