Indian Navy in South China Sea: Beijing’s unwelcome escort

Just when external affairs minister S. M. Krishna was affirming in India's right to 'freedom of navigation' in Washington, news reports from Shanghai say China is testing Delhi's political will to exercise this right in the South China Sea.

Krishna's affirmation was part of the India-U.S. Strategic dialogue this week in Washington. Meanwhile an Indian naval contingent, on an extended operational deployment in the South China Sea during the last two months, has called in at the Shanghai port on its way home.

According to reports from Shanghai, when the Indian naval squadron led by 'INS Shivalik' was on its way to South Korea from the Philippines, the People's Liberation Army Navy provided an unwanted escort.

Although the Indian ships were in international waters, a Chinese frigate sent a message "welcoming" the contingent to the South China Sea and sailed along for the next 12 hours.

Last September, it might be recalled, a caller identifying himself as representing the Chinese navy told the Indian naval squadron sailing off the Vietnamese coast that it was in China's territorial waters.

The unwelcome escort this year reflects the PLAN's hardening attitude to India's naval presence in South China Sea. Indian navy has been flying the flag in these waters since 2000.

The PLAN's challenge to India was presented in a typical and exquisite Chinese style. In 'welcoming' and 'escorting' the Indian naval unit, the PLAN was showing India its velvet covered fist.

The message is this: "nice to see you here, but you are in our territorial waters and within them there is no right to 'freedom of navigation' for military vessels. You are here at our sufferance."

In a well-calibrated escalation, Beijing is testing India's rhetoric on 'freedom of navigation' and the political will in Delhi to defend its proclaimed rights in the South China Sea and sustain a forward naval presence in the Western Pacific.

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