Less than 5% of total e-waste in India recycled: Assocham
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Less than five per cent of India's total electronic waste (e-waste) gets recycled due to absence of proper infrastructure, legislation and framework, industry body Assocham said today.
In its analysis on the World Environment Day, it said that India, growing at a compounded annual growth rate of about 20 per cent, annually generates over 4.4 lakh tonnes of e-waste.
Almost half of all unused and end-of-life electronic products lie idle in landfills, junkyards and warehouses, it said.
Computer equipment accounts for almost 68 per cent of e-waste material followed by telecommunication equipment (12 per cent), electrical equipment (eight) and medical equipment (seven). Other equipment, including household e-crap account for the remaining five per cent, it said.
"Over 90 per cent of e-waste generated in India is managed by the unorganised sector and scrap dealers in this
market dismantle the disposed products instead of recycling it," Assocham General Secretary D S Rawat said, while releasing the findings of the chamber's analysis.
However most of these products can be recycled, refurbished and redeployed going down the value chain and reused by a bit of reconstruction process, reducing overall impact on the environment, he said.
Though the organised sector accounts for less than 10 per cent of the recycling business, there is huge scope for growth as the recyclers and suppliers are engaging with IT giants and other enterprises to dispose e-devices efficiently, he said.
Assocham suggested that used computers and discarded consumer durables be collected and donated to schools and orphanages run by non-profit organisations and other agencies involved in social cause through refurbishment.
"Besides, E-recyclers must use the platform of industry bodies like Assocham to avoid bottlenecks in building an effective reverse supply chain for e-waste and together support the government to promote advanced e-waste collection methods and create awareness amid consumers vis-ŕ-vis environmental impact of e-waste," he said.
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