Man wiggles rat's tail using just thoughts
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This is the first case of a brain-to-brain interface between species, and the first example of a noninvasive brain-to-brain interface, researchers claimed.
Earlier this year, scientists had linked together the brains of two rats.This first known instance of a brain-to-brain interface apparently helped the rodents share data to accomplish certain tasks, even across intercontinental distances, LiveScience reported.
In the latest experiment, researchers from Harvard Medical School employed noninvasive techniques to link the brains of a human and a rat. The man had electrodes stuck onto his scalp that picked up brain-wave activity.
The rat was placed in a machine that focused ultrasound pulses through its skull to its brain, and was anesthetised so that it would not wriggle its head during the experiment. The volunteer had a video screen placed in front of him that displayed a flickering pattern of light. If he paid attention to the screen, his brain waves would synchronise with the strobe light.
If he looked away, or even if he looked at it while thinking of something else, his brain waves would not synchronise with the light flickers.
When the man focused on the flickering pattern, that action signalled the ultrasound to stimulate the part of the sleeping rat's brain responsible for moving its body. In response, the rodent flicked its tail.
The interface was accurate 94 per cent of the time, with a time delay of only about 1.6 seconds from the moment the man initiated his intent to the rat tail's wiggling. "This is the first noninvasive attempt to achieve a brain-to-brain interface," researcher Seung-Schik Yoo, a neuroscientist and bio engineer at Harvard Medical School, told the website.
Yoo noted that brain-machine interfaces are getting increasingly advanced over time, enabling people with paralysis to control robot arms. In the future, interspecies brain-to-brain interfaces could help search-and-rescue operations, Yoo suggested. The study was published in the journal PLOS ONE.