Nazis didn't just follow orders but 'took pride' in atrocities
- Solar scam case: Kerala court orders FIR against CM Oommen Chandy
- Supreme Court recalls order appointing former judge Virendra Singh as UP Lokayukta
- Arunachal Governor cited ‘cow slaughter’ protest as one sign of law & order collapse in state
- BJP leader held for alleged cow slaughter in Madhya Pradesh, gets expelled from party
- Indian-American Muslims flay Government move against AMU, Jamia
Nazi concentration camp bosses who claimed they were just "following orders" to carry atrocities truly believed and took pride in what they were doing, researchers say.
Landmark studies on human behaviour in the 1960s and 1970s had founded the theory that people carried out evil act because they naturally follow orders from figures of authority.
However, Scottish psychologists have challenged the fifty-year-old findings after going back and re-examining the original experiments, the 'Daily Mail' reported.
Stephen Reicher of the University of St Andrews and Alex Haslam from the University of Queensland, Australia, began their research ten years ago with a prison study.
They found that volunteers given the role of 'guards' only acted brutally when they identified with their role and believed their actions were necessary to maintain control.
Researchers in a series recent experiments found that people will only bow to authority if they believe it is necessary to serve a greater good.
"Our own research shows that tyranny does not result from blind conformity to rules and roles, it is a creative act of follower-ship that flows from identification with authorities who represent vicious acts as virtuous," Haslam said.
"A series of thoroughgoing historical examinations have challenged the idea that Nazi bureaucrats were ever simply following orders," he said.
Researchers said evidence suggests that functionaries like Eichmann, who was hanged in 1962 for his role in organising the Holocaust, had a very good understanding of what they were doing and took pride in the energy and application that they brought to their work.
"Typically too, roles and orders were vague, and hence for those who wanted to advance the Nazi cause - and not all did - creativity and imagination were required in order to work towards the regime¿s assumed goals and to overcome the challenges associated with any given task," researchers said.
- Dalit scholar’s death exposed inability of casteist Hindu to be modern
- Annotated edition of Hitler's Mein Kemph
- Why yuan matters Indian equity markets
- R-day and the saccharine sweet patriotism
- It is clear PM’s concept of nationhood extends beyond constitutional parameters
- The sensitive and old controversy about the minority character of AMU