Nuclear deal: A chronology of key developments

Following is the chronology of some key developments related to the landmark Indo-US nuclear deal:

* 1968: India refuses to sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) on the grounds that it is discriminatory.

* May 18, 1974: India conducts its first nuclear test. The same year, Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) was formed in reaction to the Indian atomic tests to check nuclear proliferation.

* March 10, 1978: US President Jimmy Carter signs the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act, following which US ceases exporting nuclear assistance to India.

* May 11-13, 1998: India tests five underground nuclear tests.

* July 18, 2005: US President George W Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh first announce their intention to enter into a nuclear agreement in Washington.

* March 1, 2006: Bush visits India for the first time.

* March 3, 2006: Bush and Singh issue a joint statement on their growing strategic partnership, emphasising their agreement on civil nuclear cooperation.

* July 26, 2006: The US House of Representatives passes the 'Henry J Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act of 2006,' which stipulates that Washington will cooperate with New Delhi on nuclear issues and exempt it from signing the Nonproliferation Treaty.

* July 28, 2006: The Left parties demand threadbare discussion on the issue in Parliament. November 16, 2006: The US Senate passes the 'United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation and US Additional Protocol Implementation Act' to "exempt from certain requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 United States exports of nuclear materials, equipment, and technology to India." December 18, 2006: President Bush signs into law congressional legislation on Indian atomic energy.

* July 27, 2007: Negotiations on a bilateral agreement between the United States and India conclude.

* Aug 3, 2007: The text of the 'Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of India concerning peaceful uses of nuclear energy' (123 Agreement) is released by both governments.

... contd.

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