Online smuggling has wildlife bureau hiring cyber detectives


Almost a thousand websites, many of them Indian, are at the centre of a new-age illegal trade in wildlife, promising home delivery of live animals, prized animal parts and rare medicinal plants from across nations through simple internet banking formats.

Finding itself in the midst of this transnational crime ring, India's Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has begun hiring cyber crime specialists to trail online wildlife smugglers. Specialists on hire come to the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) backed with a Master's in computer science/ applications and specialisation in cyber crime forensics.

A preliminary inquiry by the bureau's cyber crime specialists has indicated that nearly a thousand websites are advertising sale and delivery of live animals and animal products protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and the global Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Based on initial research, a list of 200 websites being used for this illegal trade — most of them are popular shopping websites, online classifieds and free ad posting websites — has been drawn up.

"What makes things truly challenging is that the new age wildlife smuggler or seller is also very tech-savvy, so there's need to seek the services of cyber specialists. We began hiring two months ago. These specialists have found some 200 websites where specific instances of sellers marketing some endangered animals have been traced," an officer with the Ministry of Environment & Forests said.

"There are challenges because many of these weblinks are found to be hosted on proxy servers based in other countries. The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau plans to write to these countries to seek assistance in tracing IP addresses and sources of these transactions. Sellers in most cases claim to be Indian or are sourcing the 'product' from Indians. In some cases, we also found fake IP addresses being used. So clearly, this is going to be an uphill task," the officer said.

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