People leaving state to work and study, show data
While the urban areas of Maharashtra have been known to attract migrants, statistics show that a large number of Maharashtrians have in turn been moving to other states for employment and education.
People from Maharashtra form the second-largest migrant group in Hyderabad and the fifth-largest in Bangalore and Chennai among those who have been living and working in these cities for more than ten years, analysis by the Centre for Policy Research shows.
The analysis, based on data from the 2001 census, is in a draft report presented to the union ministry of urban development.
"When people from Maharashtra migrate to cities like Hyderabad, Chennai and Bangalore it's more for high-skill jobs rather than low-level ones such as those in construction or transportation. Industry has been declining in the state, and jobs in the electronics and manufacturing industries are attracting people from here," said Sulakshana Mahajan, urban planning consultant at the Mumbai Transformation Support Unit.
Most of those migrating to these cities from Maharashtra are from Mumbai, Pune and Nashik, Mahajan said. She added that Hyderabad got migrants from Marathwada due to factors of proximity and connectivity.
According to the report, about 15 per cent of migrants in Hyderabad and other Andhra cities for work and business are from Maharashtra. Among people migrating to Hyderabad for education, 17 per cent are from Maharashtra, the report says.
In Chennai, 4.2 per cent of migrants living for more than ten years and engaged in work and business are from Maharashtra. The largest migrant group in Chennai is from Kerala (37.2 per cent), followed by Andhra (25.1 per cent). About 5 per cent of the total migrants for education in Chennai are from Maharashtra.
In Bangalore, people from Maharashtra form the fifth-largest group of migrants, making up 3 per cent of this population. Among migrants in other urban areas of Karnataka, people from Maharashtra account for a little over 13 per cent among those who have migrated for work and business, and more than 20 per cent among those who have come for education.