Scientists excited about India’s own GPS

In the first step towards ending India's dependence on the US-controlled Global Positioning System (GPS), the first of seven satellites that will form the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, or IRNSS, is expected to be launched by December 2012, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) scientists have said.

The IRNSS will be composed of seven geostationary satellites to watch over the country from 36,000 km above the earth's surface—two satellites each would be positioned in the north and south, with three in the middle, according to Pradeep V Khekale, a senior scientist with ISRO's Space Applications Centre (SAC) in Ahmedabad. Khekale is the programme manager for GAGAN, or GPS-aided Geo Augmented Navigation, a system that improves GPS accuracy for users in India, and is involved in developing the applications for IRNSS.

Currently, only the United States and Russia have functional independent satellite-based navigation systems, although China has recently launched two satellites for its own system. "The first satellite launch is expected within a year, and all seven satellites for IRNSS are expected to be launched within three years," said Chirag Dewan, a senior scientist at SAC.

The payloads for the IRNSS would weigh approximately 2,000 kilograms, and would need Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicles, or GSLVs, to launch them. Khekale added that the two-frequency INRSS would be more accurate than the single frequency GPS.

"IRNSS is generating a lot of interest, excitement and focus at the SAC now, especially after the successful launch of the RISAT-1 just a few weeks ago," said Shailendra Singh, a Radio Frequency engineer at SAC who was part of the RISAT mission, the payload for which was developed here.

Please read our terms of use before posting comments
TERMS OF USE: The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writer's alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of The Indian Express Group or its staff. Comments are automatically posted live; however, reserves the right to take it down at any time. We also reserve the right not to publish comments that are abusive, obscene, inflammatory, derogatory or defamatory.