Sex ratio at birth sees a quantum leap
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On the basis of complaints registered on the website www.amchimulgi.gov.in seven sonography machines were sealed. Complaints on the toll-free number led to sealing of 28 machines.
There were 400 court cases and 98 of them have been heard. A total of 45 cases have ended in conviction and in 29 cases 33 doctors were imprisoned and in 16 cases penalties were imposed. The names of 75 medical practitioners against whom charges have been framed have been communicated to the state medical councils as per Section 23 (2) of the PCPNDT Act. Registration of at least 20 doctors has been suspended by the Maharashtra Medical Council.
The counsel for the petitioners also lauded the role of 'Lekh Laadki Abhiyaan' launched by Advocate Varsha Deshpande whose NGO was involved in the maximum of decoy cases and sting operations to check sex selection.
Unique study to unravel 'daughter preference'
A unique study is being being taken up to unravel not only many people's 'aversion to daughters' — an area that has been more or less mapped — but more importantly cover the unchartered territory of identifying families that do not have a 'son preference' and gauging their underlying reasons. This is expected to help draw a plan to improve the sex ratio at birth.
Pune-based Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (GIPE) will cover three states for the study titled 'Reversing the Son Preference'.
Researchers will take up two districts each in Maharashtra, Punjab and and Tamil Nadu for the qualitative study, which is being supported by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and will be conducted for a year-and-a-half.
"Not everyone really wants a son. So we have a situation where sex selective practices are conducted in an area which also has couples who value daughters. Hence, we want to draw a connect between the two and identify the root causes for discrimination against the girl child," Prof Anjali Radkar, Associate Professor and one of the coordinators of the study said.