Sino-Pak Alliance: Naval and Nuclear Cooperation

History reminds us that without China's support, Pakistan could not have easily become a nuclear weapon power. Even as Delhi reconciled to that fact, it had to confront Chinese resistance to the historic U.S. initiative to end India's nuclear isolation during 2005-08.

Since then, Beijing, in violation of international rules, has agreed to supply civilian nuclear reactors to Pakistan. Islamabad is now pressing Beijing to convert the one time sale into a formal agreement for civil nuclear cooperation.

If this is not bad enough, Beijing has been opposing the U.S. effort to promote India's membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, an international forum that sets the rules for global nuclear commerce.

In his public remarks during his recent visit to China, the external affairs minister Salman Khurshid ducked the questions on Beijing's nuclear tilt against India. In his talks with Li on Monday, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh needs to make it clear that China's current nuclear policy towards India is hostile and unacceptable.       

(C. Raja Mohan is a Distinguished Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, Delhi and a contributing editor of The Indian Express)

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