Study to look at preventing cervical cancer in HIV-infected women

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Women with the high-risk types of HPV virus in their cervix will be randomly assigned to one of two different approaches to prevent cancer, test-and-treat, said Dr R Bhosale, principal investigator for the trial at B J Medical College.

During cryotherapy, cells in the cervix that have HPV high-risk virus will be frozen and killed. The standard approach involves two procedures to check for cancer cells in the cervix: Pap test and biopsy. For the Pap test a sample of cells is collected from the cervix and looked at under a microscope. If there are signs of abnormal cells, a small piece of cervical tissue (biopsy) is removed to be examined closely. If the biopsy shows abnormal cells, procedure LEEP will be done to remove abnormal cells, said scientists.

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