US raised issue of ethnic violence, tech transfer to Pak with China

MICHAEL WINES

This capital city's skies were clogged with pollution, as is often the case, and China's government was concerned. So it summoned officials of the American Embassy here to a meeting.

But the session had nothing to do with hazy skies. Rather, Chinese officials were peeved that the Americans were monitoring pollution themselves, and posting on Twitter for anyone to read, their more precise findings, which usually judged the smog far worse than official Chinese readings.

Chinese officials feared the conflicting information "might lead to 'social consequences,'" a US Embassy cable quoted the officials as saying. So could the Americans please block Chinese citizens from visiting the Web site?

That July 2009 cable, posted on the WikiLeaks website on Friday, is one of hundreds from the US Embassy in Beijing that offer a glimpse into the depths, and heights, of relations between the US and Chinese governments. The cables, involving secret but not very diplomatically delicate correspondence between the two powers, cover topics ranging from China's claims on the South China Sea to the daily exercise regimen that the Chongqing Communist Party secretary, Bo Xilai, designed for himself.

Their revelation appears unlikely to ruffle diplomatic relations. But they could lead to serious consequences for Chinese academics, students and others who talked frankly to US officials, and who are identified, either by name or by precise description, in cables.

Among the cables were analyses of China's social stability, the isolated political position of the prime minister, Wen Jiabao, and tensions between China's majority Han population and ethnic Uighurs in Xinjiang, the western region that has been plagued by violence.

The cables span the tenure of two US presidents and one Chinese, Hu Jintao. They describe a crucial global relationship that is warm in some aspects and conspicuously icy in others.

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