Women adopting more sedentary life: PGI study

Residents of the city need to exercise more. A study conducted by a team of doctors at PGIMER has revealed that 63.7 per cent of the city's residents are leading a sedentary life and are thus at a very high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

According to PGI's Endocrinology Department head, Dr Anil Bhansali, the study reveals that women are adopting a more sedentary lifestyle. "The statistics which this study has thrown up are interesting. Most of those covered in the study fall in the age group of 20-70 years, with the exception of one male whose age was 93 years. People in their middle ages were found to be more physically active (those between 50-60 years)," Bhansali added.

The study, which is titled 'The high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in young Asian Indians: A community survey - Chandigarh Urban Diabetes Study (CUDS) Group', was funded by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), and has revealed this fact as well as many other shocking revelations.

The study was conducted on 2,225 city residents who were above 20 years of age. The study has found that most of the people who have a sedentary lifestyle fall between the age group of 20-40 years. The study found that a sedentary life style was the most prevalent (63.7%) cardiovascular risk factor in the age group of 20-29 years, while obesity as a risk factor predominated from the fourth decade and onwards (68.7-83.7%).

Besides, there was a high prevalence of hypertension in men (49.7%) and low HDL in women (55.4%) even in the fourth decade of life.

The prevalence of all the CV risk factors significantly increased with age, irrespective of gender, with a doubling of central obesity, hypertension, dysglycemia and smoking from the third to fourth decade of life. Throughout various age groups, the prevalence of central obesity, sedentary life style and low HDL were significantly more common in women compared to men

The study concluded that sedentary lifestyle in the age group of 20-29 years and obesity in age above 30 years were the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors.

"All the studied cardiovascular risk factors increased with each decade of life with almost doubling in their prevalence during the fourth decade of life," said Bhansali, head, who conducted the study along with his team members.

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